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Non-surgical Periodontal Treatment Options

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Non-surgical Periodontal Treatment Options

There are multiple periodontal treatment options that do not involve periodontal (gum) surgery. Gum disease is one of the most common oral ailments people deal with, and it can lead to serious health and dental issues if it is not treated early on. Surgical periodontal treatment options are often needed to treat the worst cases of gum disease if the patient desires to keep as many teeth as possible for their lifetime.

What is gum disease?

Gum disease is an inflammatory process and is caused by plaque and tartar making their way underneath a person's gums. These substances house millions of bacteria that can infect the gums. The affected person's body responds by sending antibodies to combat the bacteria and this can lead to gum and bone loss. This often leads to symptoms like:

  • Swollen, tender gums
  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Increased spacing between the teeth
  • Receding gums
  • Loose teeth

If gum disease reaches the advanced stages, it can lead to tooth loss and some serious health issues. Tooth loss leads to poor nutrition as hard foods can no longer be eaten. Here are some of the ways a dentist might go about treating gum disease without any surgery.

Treatment options

1. Teeth cleaning

The earliest stage of gum disease is called gingivitis, and it can be reversed with improved oral hygiene and regular dental cleanings. The cleaning removes plaque and tartar from the tooth and root surfaces. By getting rid of tartar and plaque, the infection of the gums is often brought under control. In a periodontal patient, this is done once every 3 months as there is currently no cure for gum disease.

2. Deep cleaning

Also known as scaling and root planning, deep cleanings are performed to remove tartar and plaque from the surfaces of teeth roots, going deeper under the gumline than a regular cleaning. This procedure is often combined with medication that is prescribed after a sample of the fluid under the gums has been sent to an oral microbiology laboratory and the offending bacteria are identified. After all four areas of the mouth have been deep cleaned, a healing period of six weeks is given to assess the results of the above procedures. If the original disease has been treated early enough, this deep cleaning should have stopped the gum deterioration. If the intervention did not occur early enough, further treatment may be needed to help keep the teeth in the mouth. If the 3 month recalls continue and good home care exists (brushing 2 X per day, flossing 1 X per day and using the WaterPik 1 X per day), deep cleaning should not be needed more than one time.

3. Mouth trays

Mouth trays are sometimes used to deliver medication under a patient's gums on a daily basis. The medication is applied to the tray, and the patient wears it for a fixed amount of time. It delivers essential medication directly under the gums and helps to fight off the infection.

4. Laser treatment

Lasers are becoming increasingly popular when it comes to treating gum disease. Soft tissue lasers can be used to break up and remove tartar from gum pockets. Hygiene lasers are used when a pocket continues to be inflamed but it is not yet at the level of the need for surgery. Surgical lasers are used when it is important to decrease a pocket without creating recession, as would be the case around front teeth. Both are very effective in treating gum disease.

Get the treatment you need

Thanks to modern innovations, gum disease can now often be treated without any surgical procedures. Give us a call and find out if non-surgical treatment is right for you.

Request an appointment here: https://coastperiodontics.com or call Coast Periodontics and Laser Surgery at (805) 952-1147 for an appointment in our San Luis Obispo office.

Check out what others are saying about our dental services on Yelp: Periodontal Treatment in San Luis Obispo, CA.

Request an appointment here: https://coastperiodontics.com or call Coast Periodontics and Laser Surgery at (805) 952-1147 for an appointment in our San Luis Obispo office.

Check out what others are saying about our dental services on Yelp: Periodontal Treatment in San Luis Obispo, CA.

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